The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) published Renewable Energy and Jobs - Annual Review 2020 and indicated that Jordan is among 4 Asian countries in the top ten in the world in terms of creating jobs in the renewable energy sector.
IRENA’s estimates indicate that global employment in the sector stood at 823,300 jobs. The top five countries account for 93% of all jobs. Of the top ten, four (China, India, Turkey, and Jordan) are from Asia and three (the United Kingdom, Germany, and Spain) from Europe. Asia accounts for 88% of the world's total, some 727,000 jobs. With more than 70% of global installed capacity and a strong position in export markets, China remains the dominant employer in solar heating and cooling. The agency estimated that the volume of employment in the renewable energy sector worldwide reached about 11.5 million in 2019, up from 11 million in 2018. Women occupy 32% of these jobs.
The solar PV industry projects ranked first in creating jobs with 33% of all jobs in the renewable energy sector in 2019. As for wind energy, it supports 1.2 million jobs, 21% of which are occupied by women, while hydroelectric power has the largest installed capacity of all renewable energy sources, but its growth is slowing.
The report said that the COVID-19 pandemic reinforced the importance of strong policy frameworks for renewables to achieve social, economic, and environmental objectives. However, the employment figure is likely to decrease further in 2020, given the delays in construction during the COVID-19 lockdown, which caused staff shortages due to travel bans.